Real World IoT Applications in Different Domains
Now, take, for instance, the Municipal Corporation decides to repair a certain road. This may cause a traffic congestion on the way to a national highway. This insight is sent to the city-wide traffic monitoring system.
Now, considering this is a smart traffic system, it quickly learns and predicts patterns in traffic, with the use of Machine Learning. The smart system can, thus, analyze the situation, predict its impact and relay the information to other cities that connect to the same highway via their own respective smart systems.
The Traffic Management System can analyze data acquired and derive routes around the project to avoid bottlenecks. The system could also convey live instructions to drivers through smart devices and radio channels. Meanwhile, the city schools and workplaces near the project could also be called to adjust their schedules.
This creates a network of self-dependent systems which leverage real-time control. This is just one example of IoT Applications.
But, what is IoT?
IoT is essentially a platform where embedded devices are connected to the internet, so they can collect and exchange data with each other. It enables devices to interact, collaborate and, learn from each other’s experiences just like humans do.
IoT applications are expected to equip billions of everyday objects with connectivity and intelligence. It is already being deployed extensively, in various domains, namely:
- Smart Home Applications
- Health Care
- Smart Cities
2. IoT Applications – Smart Home Applications
When we talk about IoT Applications, Smart Homes are probably the first thing that we think of. The best example I can think of here is Jarvis, the AI home automation employed by Mark Zuckerberg. There is also Allen Pan’s Home Automation System where functions in the house are actuated by use of a string of musical notes. The following video could give you a better idea.
4. IoT Applications – Smart Cities
By now I assume, most of you must have heard about the term Smart City. The hypothesis of the optimized traffic system I mentioned earlier, is one of the many aspects that constitute a smart city.
The thing about the smart city concept is that it’s very specific to a city. The problems faced in Mumbai are very different than those in Delhi. The problems in Hong Kong are different from New York. Even global issues, like finite clean drinking water, deteriorating air quality and increasing urban density, occur in different intensities across cities. Hence, they affect each city differently.
The Government and engineers can use IoT to analyze the often-complex factors of town planning specific to each city. The use of IoT applications can aid in areas like water management, waste control, and emergencies
Let’s take an actual example of a Smart City- Palo Alto.
Palo Alto, San Francisco, is the first city of its kind, that took a whole new approach towards traffic. They realized, most cars on the streets go around and round the same block, in search of parking spots. That’s the main reason for traffic congestion in the city.
Thus, sensors were installed at all the parking spots around the city. These sensors pass the occupancy status of each spot to the cloud. Any number of applications can consume that data. It can guide the drivers through the shortest route to an open spot.
This solution here involves the use of sensor arrays feeding back to a point which, aggregates the data and uses it for various purposes.
- Factory Digitalization
- Product flow Monitoring
- Inventory Management
- Safety and Security
- Quality Control
- Packaging Optimization
In just 1-year internet connected devices went from 5 million to billions. Business Insider Intelligence estimates that 24 billion IoT devices would be installed by the year 2020, generating a revenue of over 300 billion.
IoT iterates, improves and keeps building. Its networks don’t arrive pre-assembled, they grow over time. The Internet of Things (IoT) has amalgamated hardware and software to the internet to create a smarter world. It has been growing at a significant pace and offers a multitude of opportunities for government and business. In fact, the number of openings for IoT professionals is at an all-time high.